10 Most Common (And Avoidable) Trading Mistakes
Trading in the financial markets can be rewarding, but it's not without its pitfalls. Many traders end up losing money. In this article, we explore the 10 most common reasons why traders find themselves in the red and offer insights on how to avoid these common trading mistakes.
1. Lack of Knowledge
Some traders jump head-first into markets with limited understanding and knowledge. They don't take the time to educate themselves about the financial instruments they are trading or how markets ebb, flow and change over time.
Anybody can make a few successful trades in a row. Sometimes the markets just move in your favor. However, this is more akin to gambling if you have little idea what you’re doing. To be profitable in the long run, you need to familiarize yourself with the tools at your disposal. This means learning about various financial instruments, their benefits, and their shortcomings, as well as familiarizing yourself with multiple techniques and strategies applicable across a variety of market conditions.
Additionally, successful trading requires a broad understanding of your chosen market. You need to understand both the internal and external factors that influence it on a daily basis and have a well-informed perspective on how these influences can change in the future.
2. Poor Risk Management
Trading goes hand-in-hand with the risk of financial loss. Professional traders work with risk all the time and it’s something they take a great deal of care to manage using various strategies.
The first step is to accept that you can’t avoid losing money at some point, it’s just part of the game. Trading means working with probabilities and weighting risk vs reward. Successful traders never aim for unattainable 100% success rates, instead, they look to strike a good profit/loss ratio overall. This means that they tailor their strategies to consistently earn higher profits than their losses. To do this they employ diversification strategies, hedging strategies, and they never risk too much capital on any one individual position. Moreover, they constantly monitor market conditions and adjust their approach.
Learning how to assess and manage risk is essential if you’re serious about becoming a successful trader.
3. Not Diversifying Strategies and Assets
Specializing in a single asset can be advantageous, but over-reliance on one asset or strategy often leads traders to perceive nonexistent opportunities. Diversifying your trading approach by employing varied strategies for different market conditions, and considering multiple assets, can mitigate this issue.
Having multiple strategies allows you to adapt to the ever-changing market conditions. For instance, a momentum strategy might be ideal for a trending market, while a different approach would be better for a stagnant market.
Additionally, trading a diverse range of assets can reduce risk. Different assets often react differently to economic events, and diversifying across them can safeguard against the poor performance of a single asset.
However, diversification should be practiced judiciously. Understanding the characteristics of different assets and the intricacies of various strategies is vital, and over-diversification can be detrimental.
In a nutshell, smart diversification in assets and strategies provides traders with the flexibility and risk management needed for consistent trading outcomes. This approach keeps traders agile and prepared for the various challenges that the markets present.
Some traders make too many trades, which can erode profits through fees and can also be a symptom of poor decision-making.
Successful traders pick their battles wisely and stick to their strategies. Statistically, if you have a market-beating strategy in place, the more trades you execute the more profits you’ll stack. However, overextending yourself can lead to some nasty consequences, like “revenge trading” which is when traders try to compensate for their losses by making more and more trades.
In a nutshell, overtrading most often happens out of a desire to make gains quickly or because of poor risk management and a lack of a clear plan.
Overtrading can also be incredibly stressful and can lead to emotional, unplanned actions.
5. Emotional Trading
Trading can be exciting and emotionally charged but the pros know that just like with risk, emotions need to be managed.
Letting emotions dictate your decisions is one of the biggest trading mistakes and the quickest way to make some poor choices and lose a lot of money. Following a clear, well-thought-out, well-researched plan is a great way to mitigate some of that emotional weight and pressure that putting your hard-earned cash on the line can bring. This way you have a pre-planned course of action when things go wrong (or right).
6. Using Too Much Leverage
Using borrowed funds to trade can amplify gains but also amplifies losses, potentially leading to the loss of your entire account.
Using leverage can bring you much larger profits even when price movements are small but you must always leverage trade with extra caution. Remember to leave yourself enough margin to cover potential losses. If you’re a beginner it’s best to avoid leverage trading altogether before you acquire a solid understanding of market dynamics and have gained significant experience with regular spot trading.
Leverage also hides a nasty downside that few beginners are aware of — it takes proportionally more gains to recover from losses.
This phenomenon is due to the fact that when you lose money, you are left with a smaller capital base. Thus, a certain percentage gain on a smaller capital base is less than the same percentage loss on a larger capital base. In simple terms, when you lose money leverage trading, it’s disproportionately harder to get it back.
7. Poor Timing
Poor timing when trading is often the result of impulsive decisions or lack of analysis, and can severely impact the profitability of your trades.
For instance, buying a stock right before a disappointing earnings report can result in immediate losses. Similarly, selling too early during an uptrend might mean missing out on substantial gains.
To avoid these issues, it’s essential to find room in your strategy for both technical and fundamental analysis. Technical analysis can help in identifying trends and optimal entry and exit points, while fundamental analysis can provide insights into the overall health and potential of the asset.
Additionally, practicing patience is key. Rather than hastily jumping into trades, wait for the market to align with your analysis and strategy. Combining thorough analysis with discipline can significantly improve the timing of your trades, enhancing your chances of success.
8. Chasing Losses
Engaging in high-stakes trades in a hasty bid to recover prior losses, often known as chasing losses, is a frequent mistake among traders. This tendency is typically fueled by emotions like panic and desperation, rather than logical analysis. For example, a trader might impulsively engage in a speculative trade with high risk, hoping to recoup earlier losses, only to find themselves even further in the red.
It's essential to accept that experiencing losses is an inevitable aspect of trading. Instead of rashly trying to make up for losses, it’s wiser to adhere to your established trading strategy and steer clear of hasty trades with capital that you’re not prepared to lose. Furthermore, establishing daily loss thresholds and having a well-defined exit strategy for each trade can shield you from making reckless decisions.
Concentrating on steady, disciplined trading over the long haul is more conducive to achieving reliable returns than the hazardous practice of chasing losses.
9. Ignoring Fees and Costs
Neglecting to consider the impact of fees, especially in the cryptocurrency market, can eat into your profits and even turn a potentially profitable trade into a loss. The cryptocurrency space is particularly notorious for having a variety of fees that traders need to keep an eye on. These include trading fees incurred when buying or selling cryptocurrencies and withdrawal fees charged when transferring cryptocurrencies out of an exchange. Additionally, certain networks impose transaction fees, which serve to compensate the network’s miners or validators. If you’re trading in the decentralized finance (DeFi) space you must also consider token transaction taxes, which are artificially imposed fees set up by smart contract owners.
Additionally, those who engage in leveraged trading in the cryptocurrency market must be cautious of funding rates. These are fees that you either earn or pay based on the leverage and position size, and they can be substantial.
It's vital for traders to be fully aware of all the associated fees before executing a trade. Some exchanges have a tiered fee structure based on trading volume, while others may offer reduced fees for using their native tokens for transactions.
In summary, understanding and effectively managing the fees associated with cryptocurrency trading is a crucial aspect of a successful trading strategy. It is worth taking the time to research and select exchanges and trading pairs that align with your trading goals and budget.
10. Failing to Keep Records
Failing to keep records is a critical mistake, as detailed records are not only essential for tax reporting but also serve as a powerful tool for self-improvement and financial monitoring.
By documenting each trade, including the strategy used, entry and exit points, and profit or loss, traders can track their progress over time, identifying both their strengths and areas for improvement.
How to Stop Losing Money Trading
Having gone through the list of common trading mistakes you may have noticed they all follow a common theme — they’re all the result of an insufficient, or entirely missing, trading plan.
The most common reason why beginner traders lose money is that they don’t trade with a plan. Instead, they trust that their intuition, or good luck, will guide them on their way to financial success. Nothing can be farther from the truth. Trading is a numbers game. It’s the art of taking two steps forward and one step back, consistently, and that can only be achieved with a plan.
As a trader, you need to be brutally honest with yourself about the realities of the markets you’re working in, the tools you’re using and their shortcomings, and your own level of experience. You need to plan around all of these factors. You need a trading plan!
Factors such as your risk appetite, leverage levels, your own emotions, and just about everything else you can think of can be detailed in a spreadsheet, scrutinized, and form the basis of a solid trading plan.
Steering Clear of Common Trading Errors
The multifaceted world of trading is riddled with potential missteps. From lack of knowledge to poor timing, the common trading mistakes discussed are stumbling blocks that every trader encounters. The key lies not in completely avoiding these mistakes but in learning how to swiftly recover and adapt, learning the fundamentals of trading strategies, and crafting a comprehensive plan.
Ultimately, success in trading is not solely determined by the markets; it is also about the meticulous strategies and adaptable approaches that the trader employs. By staying informed, keeping scrupulous records, and embracing a data-driven approach to strategy refinement, traders can transform their mistakes into stepping stones to long-term success.